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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 39(6); 2000 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2000;39(6):854-859.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2000.39.6.854   
Effects of Halothane, Enflurane or Isoflurane on the m1 or m3 Muscarinic Receptor Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes.
Sang Hwan Do
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul National University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Muscarinic receptors are distributed abundantly in the central nervous system and peripheral visceral organs, and have a close relationship with anesthesia. We investigated the effects of halothane, enflurane or isoflurane on m1 or m3 muscarinic signaling. METHODS: Using two electrode voltage clamps, Ca2+ -activated Cl- currents (ICl(Ca)) were measured in Xenopus oocytes injected with an m1 or m3 receptor mRNA. ICl(Ca) was induced with the application of acetyl beta-methylcholine with or without exposure to volatile anesthetics. RESULTS: Halothane depressed the m1 and m3 receptor function significantly (m1; 0.49 +/- 0.17 microampere -> 0.1 +/- 0.05 microampere, m3; 0.74 +/- 0.2 -> 0.23 +/- 0.06 microampere, P < 0.05). Enflurane also decreased signaling through both receptors significantly (m1; 0.49 +/- 0.1 -> 0.15 +/- 0.04 microampere, m3; 0.95 +/- 0.34 -> 0.19 +/- 0.05 microampere, P < 0.05). However, while isoflurane depressed m3 signaling significantly (0.82 +/- 0.19 -> 0.3 +/- 0.09 microampere, P < 0.05), it did not cause significant changes in ICl(Ca) through the m1 receptor (0.29 +/- 0.05 vs 0.23 +/- 0.09 microampere, P > 0.5). From a concentration-response curve, enflurane decreased m1 and m3 signaling dose-dependently.
CONCLUSIONS
Our data suggests that m1 and m3 muscarinic receptors were depressed by halothane, enflurane or isoglurane except for the fact that the m1 receptor was not affected by isoflurane.
Key Words: Anesthetics, volatile: enflurane; halothane; isoflurane; Cells: Xenopus oocytes; Receptors: muscarinic
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