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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;56(2):125-130.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.56.2.125   
A comparison of the consumption of inhaled anesthetics according to fresh gas flow and anesthetic circuits.
Deok Kyu Kim, Jin Wook Choi, Ji Seon Son, Hyung Sun Lim, Seong Hoon Ko, Sang Kyi Lee
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea. shko@chonbuk.ac.kr
In the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation (KNHIC), payment for inhaled anesthetics are made according to the simulated dose and not the consumed dose. We compare the consumption of inhaled anesthetics according to fresh gas flow (FGF) and anesthetic circuits to compare the consumption of anesthetics and the guidelines for KNHIC payments.
161 patients were randomized into six groups who received isoflurane using a closed circuit (group I-C), a semi-closed circuit with FGF 3 L/min (group I-3), or 4 L/min (group I-4), as for the sevoflurane group (group S-C, S-3, and S-4). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were maintained within +/- 20% of baseline. Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) and consumption of inhaled anesthetics were recorded by a new anesthetic machine.
There were no significant differences among the groups for MAP, HR, and MAC. During anesthesia maintenance, the mean consumption per 15 minutes of inhaled anesthetics was significantly lower in group I-C (1.0 +/- 0.3 ml) than in group I-3 (3.5 +/- 0.7 ml) and than group I-4 (4.9 +/- 0.9 ml) and similar to the sevoflurane groups (group S-C [1.3 +/- 0.4 ml] vs group S-3 [5.3 +/- 1.0 ml] vs group S-4 [6.9 +/- 1.3 ml], respectively; P < 0.05).
In sevoflurane groups, inhaled anesthetics were consumed more than in isoflurane groups. The KNHIC payment guidelines were close to the actual consumption of inhaled anesthetics under using a semi-closed circuit with FGF 3 L/min in sevoflurane and FGF 4 L/min in isoflurane.
Key Words: Consumption; Fresh gas flow; Health insurance; Isoflurane; Sevoflurane


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