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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 44(3); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2003;44(3):310-314.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2003.44.3.310   
The Comparison of Minimum Alveolar Concentration and BIS50 of Inhalation Anesthetics for Evaluation of Anesthetic Potency.
Ho Kyoung Kang, Yoon Sook Lee, Young Mi Kim, In Suk Kwok, Tae Hyung Han, Ho Yeong Kil, Kwang Min Kim
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Hallym University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kilhy@hanmail.net
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The bispectral index (BIS) has been designed to objectively measure the degree of sedation and hypnosis for anesthesia. Although it has been well-known that BIS correlates highly with the concentration of inhalation anesthetics, it is not clear whether analgesic potency expressed as MAC is comparable to hypnotic potency described as BIS50 in inhaled anesthetics. This study was conducted to examine the degree of correspondence by correlating the changes of BIS according to the different MAC of commonly used inhalation anesthetics.
METHODS
One hundred ASA class 1 or 2 patients, scheduled for laparoscopic knee surgery were included. Patients were equally divided into 4 groups (n = 25 each) according to the inhalational agent enflurane, isoflurane, desflurane, or sevoflurane. Anesthetic depth for each individual agent was controlled to 2.0, 1.75, 1.5, 1.25, 1.0, 0.75 and 0.5 MAC, respectively. After equilibration for each concentration, BIS values were measured three times at 30 second intervals and an average was obtained. In addition, MAC values for each agent were measured when the bispectral index showed 50.
RESULTS
The concentrations of inhaled agents vs. BIS showed high negative correlations (enflurane; -0.91, isoflurane; -0.94, desflurane; -0.84, and sevoflurane; -0.86). BIS50 for each agent was enflurane, 0.93 (1.6 vol%); isoflurane, 0.71 (0.9 vol%); desflurane, 0.95 (5.7 vol%); and sevoflurane, 0.84 MAC (1.7 vol%). Isoflurane-BIS50 showed a significant difference to the others (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
We concluded that the MAC of inhalation anesthetics showed poor correlation with BIS, suggesting a difference between the hypnotic and analgesic potency of individual inhaled anesthetic agents.
Key Words: BIS; BIS50; inhaled anesthetics; minimum alveolar concentration
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