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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 15(2); 1982 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1982;15(2):150-155.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1982.15.2.150   
The Effect of Diazepam on Suecinyleholine-induced Side Effects .
Sin Yoo Chang, Kyu Sang Kim, Young Deog Cha, Young Hee Hwang, Heung Dae Kim, Dong Ho Park, Byung Tae Suh, Wan Sik Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Muscle pain following succinylcholine chloride(SCC) is well documented, as are elevated serum potassium and increased creatine phosphokinase(CPK) levels. Pretreatment with a subparylsing dose of a non-depolarizing muscle relaxant before SCC is standard and accepted clinical practice in prevention of SCC induced fasciculation and associated sequlae but pretreatment redners the end-plate less sensitive to SCC: hence larger doses of SCC: hence larger doses of SCC are necessary to ensure adequate degree of relaxation. Recontly fahmy et al showed in a study that small doses of diazepam suppressed the fasciculation as well as the increase in serum potassium and creatine phosphokinase(CPK). Our study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of pretreatment with diazepam on the potential side effects of SCC. Eight cases were studied in four different groups. In the first group(control group): no diazepam was used, secoun group: with diazepam 0.05mg/kg, third group:: with diazepam 0.1mg/kg, grouth group: with diazepam 0.2mg/kg. As a result of this study, we can summarize as follows: 1) Diazepam pretreatment groups had no significant change in the prevention of muscle fasciculation following SCC than control groups. 2) Conditions for intubation were assessed as excellent to good in diazepam pretreatment and control groups. 3) The increase in serum potassium and CPK produced by SCC was not inhibited by diazepam pretreatment. 4) In the prevention of incidence of muscle pain, there were no significant difference between the control and diazepam pretreatment groups.
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