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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2003;45(1):133-141.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2003.45.1.133   
Effect of Ketamine on Phenylephrine-Induced Contraction in Isolated Rat Thoracic Aorta.
Seong Ho Ok, Ju Tae Sohn, Ju Hye Lee, Mi Young Park, Il Woo Shin, Heon Keun Lee, Young Kyun Chung
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. jtsohn@nongae.gsnu.ac.kr
2Gyeongsang Institute of Health Sciences, Jinju, Korea.
Ketamine causes a dose-dependent vasodilation of a norepinephrine-precontracted pulmonary arterial ring. The goals of the present in vitro study were to investigate the effects of ketamine on phenylephrine-induced contraction and to elucidate its cellular mechanism.
Following endothelial denudation, isolated thoracic aortic rings were suspended for isometric tension recording. Contractile response to 60 mM KCl (potassium chloride) was measured in the absence or presence of ketamine (5x10(-5), 10(-4), 10(-3) M) in the rings. Phenylephrine dose (10(-8) to 10(-5) M)-response curves were generated in the absence or presence of ketamine. In rings pretreated with verapamil (10(-5) M) or with combined verapamil (10(-5) M) and ryanodine (2x10(-5) M), phenylephrine dose-response curves were also generated in the absence or presence of ketamine.
Ketamine attenuated the contractile response to 60 mM KCl compared with rings without ketamine in a concentration-dependent manner, and ketamine (5x10(-5), 10(-4), 10(-3)M) caused a rightward shift of the dose-response curve to phenylephrine in a concentration-dependent manner. In verapamil 10(-5) M pretreated rings, ketamine 10(-3) M attenuated phenylephrine-induced contraction compared to rings without ketamine, but a low-dose of ketamine (5x10(-5), 10(-4)M) had no effect. In rings pretreated with combined verapamil 10(-5) M and ryanodine 2 x 10(-5) M, ketamine 10(-3) M attenuated phenylephrine-induced contraction compared with rings without ketamine.
These results indicate that clinically relevant concentration (5 x 10(-5) M) of ketamine attenuates phenylephrine-induced contraction by inhibiting the L-type calcium channel.
Key Words: ketamine; phenylephrine; ryanodine; verapamil


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