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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;57(2):228-232.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.57.2.228   
Bilateral femoral neuropathy after vaginal delivery: A case report.
Seung Pyo Choi, Byung Mo Oh, Wonsik Ahn
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. aws@snu.ac.kr
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Epidural analgesia is frequently used for the management of labor pain in parturients. The neurologic complications of epidural analgesia are rare, but they are catastrophic when they occur. We report here on a case of bilateral femoral neuropathy in a vaginal delivery patient with epidural analgesia. The patient complained of weakness of both thighs and numbness around both knees. Neurologic examination and electromyographic study revealed that they occurred due to the delivery itself. The patient had not fully recovered at eight weeks after delivery. The declining incidence of postpartum femoral neuropathy may reflect a reduced duration of labor in accordance with modern obstetric practice, and particularly the more frequent use of Caesarean delivery. The exact etiology of postpartum femoral neuropathy is unknown, and the possible factors are direct compression of nerves that are proximal within the pelvis by either the fetal head or birthing instruments, or this malady is the result of pressure induced ischemia at the level of the inguinal ligament when the pregnant woman is in the lithotomy position.
Key Words: Femoral neuropathy; Postpartum complication; Vaginal delivery complication


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