Korean J Anesthesiol Search

CLOSE


Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 57(4); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;57(4):466-471.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.57.4.466   
The effects of epidural magnesium on postoperative pain management in patients with patient-controlled epidural analgesia after a thoracotomy.
Sun Min Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Sang Hyun Kim, Dong Gi Lee, Won Seok Chae, Hee Cheol Jin
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea. hcjin@schbc.ac.kr
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, College of Medicine, Gumi, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Magnesium presents analgesic effects by blocking the non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the spinal cord. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of epidural magnesium on cumulative dose of ropivacaine in patients with patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) after a thoracotomy.
METHODS
In a randomized, prospective, double-blind trial, we enrolled 40 patients undergoing PCEA after a thoracotomy. Control group (n = 20) received an initial dose of 0.375% ropivacaine 0.1 ml/kg, and following demand doses of 0.2% ropivacaine 2 ml with 15 min lockout interval on the patient demand. Magnesium group (n = 20) additionally received MgSO4 100 mg in the initial dose and 4 mg in the demand doses. Cumulative dose of ropivacaine, the resting and coughing visual analog scale (VAS) score were measured at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after surgery.
RESULTS
Magnesium group showed lower cumulative dose of ropivacaine than control group at 12, 24, and 48 hours after the surgery (P<0.05), but not at 3 and 6 hours (P < 0.05). The VAS score was not different between 2 groups (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
Epidural magnesium may be useful as an adjuvant to ropivacaine after a thoracotomy. However, because magnesium showed no beneficial effect at the early period after the surgery, more investigation about proper initial dose is required.
Key Words: Magnesium; Patient-controlled analgesia; Ropivacaine; Thoracotomy
TOOLS
Share :
Facebook Twitter Linked In Line it
METRICS Graph View
  • 3 Crossref
  •   Scopus
  • 1,420 View
  • 15 Download


ABOUT
ARTICLE CATEGORY

Browse all articles >

BROWSE ARTICLES
AUTHOR INFORMATION
Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2022 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next