Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1997;33(4):669-675.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.33.4.669   
Cardiovascular Effects of Pancuronium, Vecuronium and Pipecuronium during High-Dose Fentanyl Anesthesia in Neonates, Infants and Children.
Young Jhoon Chin, Gi Baeg Hwang, Sang Bum Kim, Sang Seon Cho
High dose fentanyl for cardiac surgery in neonates, infants and children can cause severe bradycardia and chest wall rigidity that result in decreased cardiac output and oxygen desaturation due to fixed stroke volume in pediatric patients. To ameliorate the effects of fentanyl, it is common to administer neuromuscular blocking drugs with wanted cardiovascular side effects. This study was designed to compare the cardiovascular variables and oxygen saturation among different muscular relaxants in high dose fentanyl anesthesia.
Thirty pediatric cardiac patients were allocated randomly into three muscle relaxant groups treated with 0.2 mg/kg pancuronium (n=10), 0.2 mg/kg vecuronium (n=10) or 0.2 mg/kg pipecuronium (n=10) after receiving an initial bolus dose of 25 g/kg of fentanyl. Changes of heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), rate-pressure-product (RPP) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were observed. The same cardiovascular variables were also observed 1 and 2 minutes after the second bolus dose of 25 g/kg fentanyl and compared to the results among muscle relaxants.
HR, MAP and RPP decreased significantly (p<0.05) 1 and 2 minutes after injection of the 1st fentanyl, which returned to levels above the control value after administration of pancuronium, vecuronium or pipecuronium. Among muscle relaxants, pancuronium caused the most rapid and significantly high level compared to the control value in HR and MAP. Next was pipecuronium and then vecuronium. In clinical setting, SpO2 was decreased after the 1st fentanyl injection and increased after the injection of muscle relaxants, but not significant statistically.
In view of hemodynamic changes, pancuronium is most efficient and rapid in returning the hemodynamic variables that was decreased after high dose fentanyl anesthesia in neonates, infants and children whose cardiac output was dependent on HR due to relatively fixed stroke volume.
Key Words: Anesthesia, cardiac, pediatric; Anesthetics, intravenous, fentanyl; Heart, hemodynamics; Neuromuscular relaxants, pancuronium, vecuronium, pipecuronium


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next