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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1993;26(1):118-123.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1993.26.1.118   
Prognosis and Predisposing Factor of Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Hyun Chung Chung, Cheung Soo Shin, Yong Taek Nam
Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome(ARDS) is defined as a syndrome of acute respiratory failure characterized by noncardiogenic pulmonary edema with severe hypoxemia caused by right to left intrapulmonary shunting secondary to atelectasis and air space filled with edema fluid. On the past respiratory failure was thought to be the most common cause of mortality of ARDS in the past but recent research suggests the importance of non-pulmonary organ failure. And this has been increasingly recognized as a major cause of death in patients who develope a acute lung injury. Therefore the prognosis of ARDS depends on the associated clinical disorders. But there are very few reports about the prognosis and predisposing factor of ARDS in korea. We performed a retrospective study on ARDS in association with sex prevalance, in 103 ARDS patients. Age distribution, associated disease and prognosis. The results were as follows l) ARDS occurred more frequantly in male.(male female=1.9: 1) 2) Common clinical disorders associcated with development of ARDS were sepsis(26%), pneumonia(16%), gastric aspiration(12%) and etc. 3) Overall mortality was 54%, but the mortality was high in trauma patient with 80%. 4) Mortality of ARDS increased by age.
Key Words: ARDS; Associated diseases; Prognosis


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