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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 27(11); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1994;27(11):1611-1619.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1994.27.11.1611   
The Effect of Labetalol on the Hemodynamic Response to Endotracheal Intubation.
Ho Yeon Lee, Chung Hyun Yim, Chang Woo Chung, Hong Youl Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Transient increases in blood pressure and heart rate following laryngoscopy and endotra- cheal intubation are common. These stress responses are greatly exaggerated in patients with hypertension and cardiovascular diseases and can lead to cardiac arrhythmia, pulmo- nary edema, and cerebral hemorrhsge. Many approaches have been tried to attenuate these potentially adverse circulatory responses but none has been satisfactory. This study was made to evaluate the hemodynamic responses to tracheal intubation using combined alpha-and beta-adrenoreceptor blocking agent, labetalol. We intravenously administered labetalol or placebo prior to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in adult patients with ASA class 1, or 2. Sixty patients were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Group 1 patients (control group,n=20) received normal saline 3ml, Group 2 patients (n=20) received labetalol 0.3mg/kg, and Group 3 patients (n= 20) received labetalol 0.6mg/kg intravenously. These drugs were injected 3 minutes before induction with thiopental sodium (5mg/kg). Succinylcholine chloride 1.0mg/kg i.v. was used to facilitate endotracheal intubation. After the completion of intubation, nitrous oxide/oxygen with enflurane or isoflurane was administered. The blood pressure and heart rate were measured upon arrival in the operating room (baseline), immediately before intubation, immediately after intubation, 1 minutes after intubation and at 2, 3, 5, 7, 10 minutes after intubation. There were no significant differences in preinduction values of blood pressure and heart rate. A significant reduction in heart rate was observed in the group 3, group 2 in that order compared with the group 1. Similarly, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure de- creased in labetalol groups, but was not significantly different in all groups. None of the patients experienced any untoward side effects, such as hypotension, aignificant bradycardia, bronchospasm or electrocardiographic ehanges. In conclusion, in patients with no history of hypertension or significant cardiac disease, labetalol 0.3 or 0.6mg/kg i.v. is better suited to blunting tachycardia than to blunting hypertension to laryngoscopy and intubation.
Key Words: Endotracheal intubation; Labetalol; Heart rate; Blood pressure
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