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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 20(1); 1987 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1987;20(1):39-44.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1987.20.1.39   
Comparison of the Maternsl and Neonatal Effects of Halothane and Enflurane for Cesarean Section.
Myoung Hoon Kong, Seol Hee Woo, Byoung Tae Suh
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
The maternal and neonatal effects of 50% O2 -50% N2O alone and 50r% O2-5O% N2O combined with 0.5% halothane or 1% enflurane were studied in 37 parturients undergoing general anesthesia for cesarean section, All patients received thiopental and succinrlcholine for induction and were intubated and ventilated with a tidal volume of 10m1/kg and a rate of 107 breaths/min. ulltil the delivery. Two of 11(18%) patients given O2-N2O alone had recall; none in those patients receiving a potent inhalation agent had any recall. Blood loss was similar in 7tle two groups. There were no statistically significant differences between groups in induction-7odeliverr and uterine incision-t7-delivery intervals, the frequen-cies of Apgar score<7 at and 5 min., maternal and fetal blood 7as tensions, and acid-base balance. 1t is concluded that analgesic concentrations of halothane and enflurane can be safely added to 50% O2-5O% N2O to prevent maternal awareness during general anesthesia for cesarean section while maintaining normal maternal and neonatal conditions.
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