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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 14(2); 1981 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1981;14(2):192-197.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1981.14.2.192   
Clinical Analysis of Anesthesia for Cheiloplasty and Palatoplasty in Children under 10 Years Old Age .
Sook Ja Kim, Byung Mu Kim, Ji Hyoung Kim, Dong Ki Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
We had experience of 464 cases of anesthesia for repair of cleft lip and cleft palate under 10 years of age. The analyzed results are as follows: 1) The 464 cases were divided into 5 age groups and 165 cases(35.6%) were in the under 2 years age group. Sex distribution was 291 males(66.2%) and 173 females(37.3%) 2) 377 cases(81.3%) were under 20kg of body weight. 3) There were 229 cleft lip cases (29.3%), 233 cleft palate cases, and 1 case each of (50.2%), of naso-ocular fistular correction and oro-ocular correction. 4) There were 386 cases elective surgery and 2 were emergency cases. 5) All cases had general anesthesia by means of endotracheal intubation 377 cases(81.3%) with a non-rebreathing system and 87 cases(18.8%) had a semi-closed absorption system. 6) The main anesthetic was halothane in 462 cases(99.6%) and Valium-Demerol and ether was 1 case each. 7) The mean blood loss in palatoplastry was 10ml/kg of body weight but it was 13.7ml/kg in the 5~10kg of body weight group, 11.6ml/kg in the 10kg~20kg of body weight group and 7.5ml/kg in the 20~30kg of body weight group. 8) Incidence of cleft lip combined with cleft palate was 211 cases(45.5%) among 464 cases and 149 cases(51.2%) were males and 62 cases(35.8%) were females. 9) The most common type of cleft lip was left incomplete lip(30.1%) and of cleft palate it was left complete palate(30.5%). 10) Familial history was found in 56 cases(12%).


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