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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1982;15(1):81-91.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1982.15.1.81   
Clinical Statistical Analysis of Pediatric Anesthesia .
Ki Ryang Ahn, Min Ho Suk, Kyung Duk Jang, Ji Young Kim, Young Hee hwang, Heung Dae Kim, Dong Ho Park, Byung Tae Suh, Wan Sik Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
Within the past decade it has been said that progress it pediatric anesthesia is especially the result of clinical application of developments in baic medicine, added to the anesthetist's technical improvements and experience in the use of apparatus and the knowledge of respiratory control. And so anesthetists sholud perform good pediatric anesthesia after understanding pediatric anatomy, physiology and the phamacology of all the drugs used in pediatric anesthesia. 803 cases (under 15years) of pediatric anesthesia were analyzed statistically according to sex, age, disease, department, physical status, premedication, anesthetic technic, anesthetic agents, length of anesthesia duration of Hospitalization, re-operation incidence, complications and mortality in the Department of Anesthesiology, Hanyang University, College of Medicine from August of 1979 to December 1980. The conclusions are as follows: 1) Sex and Age: 91 cases(11.33%) under 1year and 95 cases(11.83%) under 7years are of interest. The comparison of male (542 cases) to female (261 cases) is 2:1. 2) Departmente: 257 cases(32.00%) from ENT, and 217 cases(27.02% from general surgery were noted ont of the total. 3) Disease: It divided into two groups. 204 cases(25.40%) were congenital disease which comprised mainly of 70 cases of inguinal hernia and 45 cases of eleft lip and palate. 599 cases (74.60%) were acquired disease comprised mainly of 237 cases of tonsillitis and 43 cases of appendicitis. 4) Physical status: The time of operation divided into two groups. One group contained 657 cases of elective surgery and the other 146 cases of emergency surgery. According to the ASA classification of physical status, 741 cases(92.28%) were class 1 and 2, and 52 cases (64.8%) were class 3, and 10 cases(1.24%) were in class 4. 5) Premedication: 400 cases(49.81%) were premedicated with atropine sulfate and valium 161 cases(20.05%) were not premedicated because the patients had fever, dehydration, or tachycadia. 6) Anesthetic method and agents: they were divided into three groups. In the frist group using general inhalation, 206 cases(2565%) ont of 761, had non-rebreathing anesthesia and 555 cases(69.12%) had semiclosed circle technique anesthesia. In the second group 41 cases(5.10%) had intramuscular and intravenous anesthesia. Thirty 1 case(0.12%) was given spinal anesthesia. 711 cases(88.54%) received halothane + nitrone oxide _ oxygen. 7) Incidence of reoperation: 32 cases(3.98%) were reoperated and included colostomy repari, abdominal flap detachment, pin removal, skin graft, post operative bleeding control, remove of laryngeal papilloms, and urethral dilatation. 8) Complications: 20 cases which were made up of 8 cases of pneumonia, 5 cases of wound infection, 3 cases of post operative bleeding control, 2 cases of fistula formation, 1 case of gastroenteritis, 1 case of intestinal obstruction. The relationship between length of anesthesia and complications is statistically in significant(p<0.01). 9) Motality: 10 cases died 3 from respiratory insufficiency, 3 cases of sepsis, 1 case of intestinal obstruction and 3 cases of high intracranial pressure. There is statistical significance in the relationship between the anesthetic time, physical status, and mortality.(p<0.01).


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