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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 56(5); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;56(5):552-558.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.56.5.552   
The correlation between the effects of propofol on the auditory brainstem response and the postsynaptic currents of the auditory circuit in brainstem slices in the rat.
Bong Jin Kang, Seok Kon Kim, Gwan Woo Lee, Min A Kwon, Jae Gyok Song, Seung Chul Ahn
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheoan, Korea. skkim@dankook.ac.kr
2Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheoan, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Although there have been reports showing the changes of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) waves by propofol, no detailed studies have been done at the level of brainstem auditory circuit. So, we studied the effects of propofol on the postsynaptic currents of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB)-lateral superior olive (LSO) synapses by using the whole cell voltage clamp technique and we compared this data with that obtained by the ABR.
METHODS
5 rats at postnatal (P) 15 days were used for the study of the ABR. After inducing deep anesthesia using xylazine 6 mg/kg and ketamine 25 mg/kg, the ABRs were recorded before and after intraperitoneal propofol injection (10 mg/kg) and the effects of propofol on the latencies of the I, III, and V waves and the I-III and III-V interwave intervals were evaluated. Rats that were aged under P11 were used in the voltage clamp experiments. After making brainstem slices, the postsynaptic currents (PSCs) elicited by MNTB stimulation were recorded at the LSO, and the changes of the PSCs by the bath application of propofol (100 microM) were monitored.
RESULTS
We found small, but statistically significant increases in the latencies of ABR waves III and V and the interwave intervals of I-III and III-V by propofol. However, no significant changes were observed in the glycinergic or glutamatergic PSCs of the MNTB-LSO synpases by the application of propofol (100 microM).
CONCLUSIONS
Glycinergic or glutamatergic transmission of the MNTB-LSO synapses might not contribute to the propofol-induced changes of the ABR.
Key Words: Auditory brainstem response; Lateral superior olive; Nucleus of trapezoid body; Propofol
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