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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 57(4); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;57(4):522-527.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.57.4.522   
Anesthesia for airway surgeries under the perioperative venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Three case reports.
Yong Ki Lee, Sang Hyun Park, Jin Young Hwang, Choon Gun Ryu, Jin Hee Kim, Sung Hee Han
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. anesthesiology@snubh.org
Abstract
The airway management for patients with critical airway problems continues to be a challenge to the anesthesiologist. In general cases, conventional ventilation techniques have been used successfully. These include fiberoptic bronchoscope guided intubation, supraglottic airway, endotracheal or endobronchial intubation at operative field, high frequency jet ventilation, etc. However, patients with near-fatal airway obstruction or severely depressed pulmonary function that is refractory to conventional ventilation methods also present. In these cases, cardiopulmonary bypass or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used. Although these situations are uncommon indications for ECMO, ECMO can be a potential option for these life threatening conditions. Especially, venovenous (VV) ECMO can be used for pure pulmonary support. We describe three cases of airway surgery requiring ECMO. VV ECMO was established in all cases. ECMO provided adequate temporary pulmonary support and all patients weaned from ECMO successfully without any complication.
Key Words: Airway; Anesthesia; Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
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