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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2007;53(3):391-394.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2007.53.3.391   
Therapy of Pulmonary Thromboembolism under Emergency Byspass System during Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair: A case report.
Dong Min Jang, Kyung Tae Kim, Jung Won Kim, Won Joo Choe, Jeong Rak Lee, Sang Il Lee
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Ilsan, Korea. dadalgo@freechal.com
A 56 year old female patient was transferred to the operating room for the repair of anterior cruciate ligament under general anesthesia. Initial vital sign was stable, but there was gradual decreases of the blood pressure and end-tidal CO2 after femur tourniquet application. We suspected the pulmonary thromboembolism, and started massive treatment of using ventilator with 100% O2, various invasive monitors and many vasopressors. Because the patient's vital sign was so unstable, we finally made a decision of using emergency bypass system (Capiox EBS(R), Terumo, Japan) by femoral artery and vein. After that, we transferred the patient to intensive care unit, and continued vigorous treatment. The patient was diagnosed as pulmonary thromboembolism by CT scan. We treated her with infusion of heparin and maintained ACT above 200 second. The 4th day at the intensive care unit, we removed the emergency bypass system. We transferred her to general ward without any complication after 12th day postoperatively.
Key Words: anterior cruciate ligament; emergency bypass system; pulmonary thromboembolism


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