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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 48(4); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2005;48(4):412-416.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2005.48.4.412   
Dynorphin A (1-17) was Selective tomicro-Opioid Receptor in Agonist-Stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS Binding in Cortical and Thalamic Membranes of Monkey.
Heeseung Lee, Sung Ae Lee, Sin Young Kang, Dong Yeon Kim, Chi Hyo Kim
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. leehee@ewha.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Dynorphin A (1-17) is conceived as an endogenous opioid peptide with a high degree of selectivity forkappa- opioid receptor even though it has been reported to sometimes act like amicro- opioid agonist. The aim of this study was to investigate [35S] GTPgammaS binding stimulated activation by dynorphin A (1-17) in the cerebral and thalamic membranes of a rhesus monkey.
METHODS
The rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta, male, n = 1) was euthanized for the preparation of the cerebral and thalamic membranes. Protein concentrations were determined by the Bradford method. In the dynorphin A (1-17)-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding dose-response curve, EC50 (effective concentration 50 nM) and maximum stimulation (% over basal) were determined in the absence or presence of themicro-andkappa-opioid receptor antagonists naloxone (20 nM) and norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI, 3 nM), respectively. E2078-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding was also determined in the absence or presence ofmicro-andkappa-opioid receptor antagonists in the cortical membrane and compared with dynorphin A (1-17).
RESULTS
Values of EC50 and maximum stimulation of dynorphin A (1-17)-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding were as follows: cortex (474 nM/32.0%) and thalamus (423 nM/45.3%). Nor-BNI (3 nM) did not antagonize dynorphin A (1-17)-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding at all in cortical or thalamic membrane, but naloxone (20 nM) produced a 12.2 fold rightward shift of the dynorphin A (1-17)-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding dose-response curve in the thalamic membrane. The EC50 and the maximum stimulation of E2078-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding were 65.6 nM and 22.7%, respectively. In E2078-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding, the dose-response curve was antagonized not by nor-BNI but by naloxone but in the cortical membrane (a 14.2 times rightward shift).
CONCLUSIONS
Dynorphin A (1-17) is selective formicro-opioid receptor in agonist-stimulated [35S] GTPgammaS binding in the cortical and thalamic membranes of rhesus monkey.
Key Words: dynorphin A (1-17); GTPgammaS; monkey; opioid receptor
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