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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2005;49(5):720-723.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2005.49.5.720   
Unilateral Atelectasis during Total Hip Replacement Surgery under Regional Anesthesia: A case report.
Byung Gun Kim, Hyo Jin Byon, Jung Uk Han, Hong Sik Lee, Young Deog Cha, Choon Kun Chung, Jang Ho Song
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea. snoguy@freechal.com
Even though atelectasis develops rare during anesthesia and/or surgical operation, it may be very important complication because it can be fatal. Atelectasis may be due to airway or bronchus obstruction, compression of the lung by position, primary surfactant deficiency, increased pleural pressure due to fluid or air in the pleural space, chest wall restriction due to skeletal deformity and/or muscular weakness. We report a case of acute intraoperative unilateral lobar atelectasis in 87-years-old woman patient undergoing regional anesthetic for total hip replacement surgery.
Key Words: atelectaisis; lateral position; regional anesthesia


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