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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 50(2); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2006;50(2):158-161.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2006.50.2.158   
Effects of Fluid Therapy on Serum Glucose Level in Pediatric Outpatients.
In Young Huh, Chong Hwa Baek, Jae Do Lee, Jin Woo Shin, Mi Jeung Gwak
1Department of Anesthesiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Korea. mjgwak@amc.seoul.kr
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Whether intraoperative fluid therapy should contain glucose for the pediatric outpatient surgery remains controversial. This study was designed to compare the effects of glucose and glucose-free solutions on perioperative blood glucose change.
Healthy pediatric outpatients (n = 130) for minor procedure were randomly assigned to one of two fluid therapy groups. Patients in the group H (n = 65) received lactated Ringer's solution, and patients in the group D (n = 65) received 5% dextrose perioperatively. Blood glucose was checked before infusion (a), 10 minutes after induction (b), 30 minutes after induction (c), and at the time of discharge (d).
The preoperative fasting glucose concentrations were 97.6 +/- 12.1 mg/dl and 97.7 +/- 11.3 mg/dl for the group H and D, respectively. The patients in the group D showed significantly increased blood glucose level after induction (135.9 +/- 42.7, 150.3 +/- 36.0, 123.6 +/- 26.8 mg/dl). The patients in the group H also showed significantly increased blood glucose levels (112.2 +/- 14.0, 121.4 +/- 11.4 and 105.8 +/- 18.3 mg/dl). The glucose level of group D was significantly higher than the glucose level of group H at b, c and d. Seven patients in the group D showed hyperglycemia (> 200 mg/dl).
Dextrose containing fluid therapy resulted dangerous hyperglycemia in the pediatric outpatient surgery. We recommend lactated Ringer's solution or other glucose-free crystalloid for the healthy outpatient pediatric population undergoing minor procedures.
Key Words: fluid; glucose; pediatric outpatient


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