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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2004;47(3):321-326.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2004.47.3.321   
Patient-controlled Sedation with Propofol and Alfentanil during Colonofiberscopy.
Seung Woo Ku, Ji Yong Lee, Sung Lyang Chung, Gyu Jeong Noh
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea. nohgj@amc.seoul.kr
The aim of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of patient-controlled sedation (PCS) according to the lock-out time (LOT, 1 or 2 min) with a demand bolus of propofol and alfentanil fixed during a colonofiberscopy.
Fifty ASA physical status 1 or 2 patients who underwent a colonofiberscopy were enrolled in this study. They were provided with a PCS pump (Perfusor(R) fm, B Braun Germany, nominal infusion rate, NIR = 1,000 ml/h) containing propofol (9.1 mg/ml) and alfentanil (45.5microgram/ml) in order to self-administer a 2 ml bolus whenever they felt uncomfortable. The lock-out time (LOT) was set to 1 (n = 20, group 1) or 2 (n = 30, group 2) minutes. The Observer's Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) score, D/A (delivery/attempt, %), blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, SpO2, end tidal CO2 and bispectral index (BIS) were assessed and measured during and/or after the procedures. The verbal descriptive pain scores, as well as the patient's and endoscopist's satisfaction scale were assessed after the procedures.
Intraoperative and postoperative pain scores, D/A, the patient's and endoscopist's satisfaction were similar in both groups. However, the lowest BIS values in group 1 was lower than in group 2 (70.3 +/- 12.2 and 77.6 +/- 6.8, respectively, P = 0.010). There were fewer patients whose lowest OAA/S score was <3 in group 2 (4/30) than in group 1 (11/20)(P = 0.002).
With a demand bolus of propofol (18.2 mg) and alfentanil (91.0microgram) fixed, the incidence of over-sedation was higher at LOT 1 min than at LOT 2 min while the efficacy was similar in the PCS with a high NIR during the colonofiberscopy.
Key Words: alfentanil; lock-out time; patient-controlled sedation; propofol


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