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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2004;47(6):856-861.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2004.47.6.856   
Evaluation of the Role of 5-Hydroxytryptamine Receptor Subtypes in the Regulation of Nociceptive Transmission in the Rat Spinal Cord.
Chang Young Jeong, Hong Buem Bae, Hun Chang Park, Jeong Il Choi, Myung Ha Yoon
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Medical School, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea. mhyoon@chonnam.ac.kr
Spinal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has been shown to display an antinociceptive effect, which is mediated by 5-HT receptors. Previous studies have revealed the presence of at least four types of 5-HT receptors in the spinal cord. The aim of this study was to assess the role of each spinal 5-HT receptor in the antinociception of intrathecal 5-HT using the formalin test.
Rats were implanted with lumbar intrathecal catheters. After the administration of 5-HT, formalin-induced nociceptive behavior (flinching response) was observed for 60 min. To further clarify the role of the 5-HT receptors in the antinociception of 5-HT, several antagonists of 5-HT receptors were administered intrathecally 10 min before 5-HT delivery, and formalin was injected 10 min later.
Intrathecal 5-HT dose-dependently suppressed flinching during phase 1 and 2 in the formalin test. 5-HT1B (GR 55562), 5-HT2C (N-desmethylclozapine), 5-HT3 (LY-278,584) and 5-HT4 (SDZ-205,557) receptors antagonists reversed this antinociception by 5-HT during both phases in the formalin test. 5-HT1A receptor antagonist (WAY-100635) decreased antinociception by 5-HT in phase 2, but not in phase 1. A 5-HT1D receptor antagonist (BRL 15572) did not antagonize the antinociception of 5-HT in either phases.
Spinal 5-HT1B, 5-HT2C, 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptors, but not the 5-HT1D receptor, are involved in the antinociception of serotonin in the facilitated state and in the acute pain evoked by a formalin stimulus. The 5-HT1A receptor seems to play a role in 5-HT-induced antinociception in the facilitated state.
Key Words: antinociception; formalin test; 5-hydroxytryptamine and its receptors; rat; spinal cord


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