Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2003;44(1):89-102.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2003.44.1.89   
Direct Myocardial Depressant Effect of Desflurane: Mechanical and Electrophysiological Actions in Vitro.
Young Seok Jee, Kee Young Lee, Myung Hee Kim, Won Jae Lee, Wyun Kon Park
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Desflurane actions on myocardial contractility and cellular electrophysiologic behavior were studied in isolated guinea pig and rat right ventricular papillary muscles.
The isometric force of isolated guinea pig ventricular papillary muscles was studied in normal and 26 mM K+ Tyrode's solution at various stimulation rates. Experiments using rat papillary muscles under normal Tyrode's solution at the rested-state (RS) and using guinea pig papillary muscles under low Na+ Tyrode's solution (25 mM) were performed to evaluate the effect of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Effects of desflurane on SR function in situ were examined by its effect on rapid cooling contractures (RCCs). Normal and slow action potentials (APs) were evaluated by using a conventional microelectrode technique. Finally, Ca2+ currents of isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes were examined using the whole cell patch clamp technique.
1 MAC (minimum alveolar concentration: 6%) and 2 MAC desflurane were applied. 1 MAC and 2 MAC desflurane depressed guinea pig myocardial contractions by ~30% and ~60%, respectively, from RS to 3 Hz stimulation rates. 1 MAC (1.15%) and 2 MAC isoflurane depressed peak force by ~25% and ~45%, respectively. Contractile force after rest in rat and guinea pig myocardium under low Na+ Tyrode's solution showed modest depression. In the partially depolarized, adrenergically stimulated myocardium, 1 MAC and 2 MAC desflurane caused a marked depression of the late peak force (1 MAC:~60%, 2 MAC:~80%) with moderate changes of the early peak force (1 MAC: ~20%, 2 MAC: ~40%). RCCs were abolished at 1 MAC desflurane. Desflurane did not alter the peak amplitude or maximum depolarization rate of normal and slow APs, however, AP duration was significantly prolonged. In isolated guinea pig myocytes at room temperature, 1 MAC and 2 MAC desflurane caused a ~28% and ~55% decrease in Ca2+ currents, respectively.
These results indicate that desflurane causes a dose-dependent depression of contractile force in isolated myocardium, which is comparable to that of isoflurane. The depression seems to be related, at least in part, to its ability to reduce inward Ca2+ currents through the cardiac membrane. Therefore, it is likely that various methods employed to enhance inward Ca2+ current may improve the hemodynamic depression induced by desflurane.
Key Words: Action potential; calcium current; desflurane; myocardial contractility; rapid cooling contracture; sarcoplasmic reticulum


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next