Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2003;44(5):673-683.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2003.44.5.673   
Effects of Thiopental Sodium, Midazolam, Propofol and Ketamine on Endothelial Nitric Oxide in Rat Thoracic Aortic Rings.
Bong Jin Kang, Jung Un Lee, Soo Chang Son, Po Sun Kang
1Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheoan, Korea. anebjkang@hanmail.net
2Department of Anesthesiology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
3Department of Anesthesiology, Konkuk University, Chungju Hospital, Chungju, Korea.
Compared to inhalation and local anesthetics, little is known about the mechanisms of vascular effects of intravenous anesthetics. So we studied the effects of thiopental sodium, midazolam, propofol and ketamine on the endothelial nitric oxide-cGMP pathway and also on the membrane cyclooxygenase pathway.
After isolating ring strips of rat thoracic aorta, we measured the relaxation ED50 values of the four intravenous anesthetics from the maximally contracted using phenylephrine 10(-5)M. Then using L-NAME and methylene blue, we studied the effects of the drugs upon the NO-cGMP system. In addition, another pathway of vasodilation through membrane prostaglandin metabolism was examined using the membrane cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacine.
The following results were obtained. 1. Thiopental sodium (10(-5)M) did not have any effect on the PE induced contractions of aortic rings but midazolam (10(-6)M), propofol (10(-4)M) and ketamine (10(-3)M) significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited the PE induced contractions of aortic rings. 2. Midazolam 10(-6)M and propofol 10(-4)M induced relaxation of aortic rings were recovered with L-NAME pretreatment but ketamine induced relaxation was not recovered with L-NAME. 3. Midazolam 10(-6)M induced relaxation was not recovered with methylene blue pretreatment, but propofol 10(-4)M induced relaxation was recovered with methylene blue. 4. Indomethacine pretreatment induced further relaxation of midazolam or propofol induced relaxation of aortic rings.
Midazolam, propofol and ketamine, but not thiopental sodium, relax rat thoracic aortic rings, and these relaxation effects of midazolam and propofol are endothelium dependent. Cyclooxygenase inhibition is related at least in part to midazolam or propofol induced relaxation, and guanylate cyclase to propofol induced relaxation.
Key Words: Endothelium dependent relaxation; intravenous anesthetics; membrane cyclooxygenase; rat thoracic aorta; vascular tension


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next