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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2000;38(4):758-763.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2000.38.4.758   
Anesthetic Management of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Pheochromocytoma.
Eun Yong Chung, Ae Ra Kim, Seok Ho Han
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Currently-available imaging techniques provide accurate localization of a tumor in patients with pheochromocytoma. The precision of this information allows the use of a more selective surgical approach to the tumor, such as by laparoscopy. We describe a case of a 54-year-old female who underwent resection of pheochromocytoma by a laparoscopic approach. Two events resulted in significant hemodynamic changes; the creation of the pneumoperitoneum and adrenal gland manupulation. Preoperative preparation with alpha-adrenergic blocking agents and adequate fluid loading before insufflation attenuated intraoperative cardiovascular changes, while titration of sodium nitroprusside and phentolamine allowed easy and quick control of the hemodynamic aberrances related to these processes. As a result, the operation was carried out safely, and the postoperative course was unremarkable.
Key Words: Carbon dioxide: pneumoperitoneum; Surgery: drenalectomy; laparoscopy; pheochromocytoma


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