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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2000;39(5):656-661.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2000.39.5.656   
Intraoperative Spirometry during Reduction Pneumoplasty for Emphysema.
Tae Sung Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Hallym University Medical Center, Chuncheon, Korea.
Surgical resection of severely emphysematous lung tissue can significantly ameliorate shortness of breath, possibly by reducing dynamic airway compression and auto-PEEP. We utilized online spirometry to examine the intraoperative relationship between expiratory flow rate and compliance changes associated with a reduction pneumoplasty.
Eight surgical patients were anesthetized with IV propofol, isoflurane inhalation and thoracic epidural lidocaine/bupivacaine. A 37 or 39 left double lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) was placed and mechanical ventilation provided with tidal volume set at approximately 10 ml/kg. A Datex UltimaTM spirometer was placed at the proximal end of the DLT. Copies of flow/volume and pressure/volume curves (3 - 10 breaths) were obtained on a digital recorder during closed and open chest conditions, and before and after lung reduction. The mean +/- SD of expired tidal volume (VT), inspiratory plateau airway pressure (Pplat), respiratory rate, % of breath exhaled in 1 sec (V1.0%), and total dynamic compliance (CT) was measured.
After a reduction pneumoplasty, CT decreased by an average 23% with open chest and 35% with closed chest conditions. Three subjects showed improved V1.0%, while 5 showed little change or reduced flow, hence no statistically significant change. There was no significant correlation between change in compliance and change in V1.0% (r2 = 0.24, p = 0.22). CONCLSIONS: An emphysematous reduction pneumoplasty reliably reduces lung compliance. However, reduced lung compliance did not reliably predict improved expiratory flow rates after a reduction pneumoplasty. The further reduction in CT with sternal closure may have been due to the return of dynamic airway compression.
Key Words: Lung: emphysema; Monitoring: spirometry; Surgery, lung: reduction pneumoplasty


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