Korean J Anesthesiol Search


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.32.4.525   
Is APACHE Scoring Index Available as Preoperative Assessment in Geriatric Patients?
Soo Jin Park, Seong Jin Bae, Hye Jeong Lee
1Department of Anesthesiology, Hanil General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.
One of the factors that affect the anesthetic risk is preoperative status especially in geriatric patients. So we studied about followings; 1) Can we use APACHE scoring index when we assess the physical status of geriatric patients preoperatively? 2) Is it meaningful in saying the risk of anesthesia? 3) Which one is more significant in predicting the morbidity and mortality: acute physiologic status vs chronic health status? METHOD: Preoperative status of the geriatric patients (above 65 years old), who were received operation from June 1994 to March 1996 at Hanil General Hospital, were assessed by APACHE scoring index and ASA classification. Age, sex, type of operation, emergency or elective, method of anesthesia, duration of procedure, APACHE scoring index, ASA classification, perioperative complication, postoperative complication is coded by grading or type.
Perioperative complication was showed statistically significant with acute physiologic score (APS) and duration of procedure. Postoperative complication was showed statistically significant with APACHE score or ASA class. Total complication was affected by duration of procedure and APS score. There was also correlation between ASA class and total complication. Among 265 cases, 1 case expired during operation and 7 cases expired after operation. Causes of postoperative death were pneumonia, hemorrhagic shock etc.
In geriatric patients, 1) APACHE scoring index is available for preoperative assessment. 2) APACHE scoring index is meaningful in predicting the risk of anesthesia. 3) Perioperative complication was more correlated with acute physiologic status than chronic health evaluation.
Key Words: Anesthesia; Geriatric; Risk; APACHE Scoring Index; Perioperative and postoperative complication
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