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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1997;32(6):895-901.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.32.6.895   
Effects of Hypothermia on Astrocytes Death Due to Depolarization or Inhibitors of Glycolysis and Oxidative Phosphorylation.
Myung Hee Kim, Baekhyo Shin
1Department of Anesthesiology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
There are evidences that cytotoxic cell death occurs first by intracellular sodium entry and then followed by calcium accumulation during ischemic damage. To investigate the protective effect of hypothermia on the sodium induced or energy depletion induced cell death, we studied the relationship of incubation temperature with viability of the cultured astrocytoma cells.
METHODS
The survival rate of astrocytoma cells under veratridine and/or iodoacetate(IAA)/carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) treatments was assessed. To measure the cell viability by veratridine or IAA/CCCP, 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl]-2,5, diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test using ELISA was utilized. Incubation temperature was varied to 27, 30, 37oC.
RESULTS
Veratridine (30, 15, 3 M) known to increase intracellular sodium caused cell death. The survival rate was 88.8 1.3, 100.04 3.8, 105 4.5% of control, respectively at 1hr and 80.0 1.72, 90.9 1.68, 97.5 0.9%, of control respectively at 3 hrs after treatment. The survival rate with IAA/CCCP 1.5 mM/20 M or 150 M/2 M was 12.75 0.99, 32.85 2.93, respectively at 1 hr, and 3.1 0.36%, 15.48 1.11, respectively at 3 hrs. Veratridine addition to IAA/CCCP exacerbated cell death as compared with IAA/CCCP alone (6.6 0.43 vs 15.48 1.11). Lowering incubation temperature decreased cell death by veratridine or IAA/CCCP significantly: veratridine treated group revealed 80.0 1.72 % survival rate at 37oC and 94.1 4.0% at 27oC after 3 hrs incubation. IAA/CCCP (150 M/2 M) treated group showed 15.48 1.11% survival rate at 37oC and 39.96 5.20% survival rate at 27oC after 3 hrs incubation.
CONCLUSIONS
Cell death caused by veratridine or IAA/CCCP was ameliorated by hypothermic incubation.
Key Words: Cells; astrocyte; Electrolytes; sodium; Metabolism; glycolysis; oxidative phosphorylation; Toxicity
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