Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1997;32(6):959-965.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.32.6.959   
The Evaluation of Myocardial Contractile Reserve Using Low Dose Dobutamine under Transesophageal Echocardiography to Coronary Artery Bypass Graft.
Mee Young Chung, Byung Ho Lee, Jun Seuk Chea, Yong Gul Lim, Chang Jae Kim, Young Moon Han, Hyun Sook Kim
1Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Intraoperative low dose dobutamine test with transesophageal echocardiography may offer a simple, cost effective and widely available mean of detecting contractile reserve in coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of low dose dobutamine infusion on ventricular function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft and to predict the post-pump response of dysfunctional myocardial segments to surgical revascularization.
This study was performed in 23 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. After transesophageal echocardiographic images of transgastric left ventricular short axis view at mid-papillary muscles level were obtained, the percentage of systolic wall thickening(PSWT) was evaluated. The ejection fraction by modified Simpson's method and hemodymic changes were measured simultaneously.
The clinical accuracy of intraoperative low dose dobutamine test for PSWT was followed; Sensitivity-76%, specificity-94.7%, positive predictive value-95%, negative predictive value-75% and overall accuracy-84.1%. Ejection fraction increased from 49.0 13.1% to 56.3 11.5%(dobutamine infusion) and 59.5 12.1%(post-pump) significantly(P<.05). During dobutamine infusion and post-pump, cardiac index increased significantly(P<.01).
Intraoperative low dose dobutamine by transesophageal echocardiography is a potentially useful test for prediction of the post pump response of regional systolic function and global ventricular function to coronary revascularization.
Key Words: Heart; contractility; ventricular function; Monitoring; transesophageal echocardiography


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next