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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 12(1); 1979 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1979;12(1):16-21.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1979.12.1.16   
Clinical Study of Hydroxyzine as a Premedicant.
Mi Ran Choi, No Sik Kim, Yong Jo Kim, Chi Su Lee, Dong Ki Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Sedative and antiemetic effect of hydroxyzine as a premedicant were studied and results were compared with a placebo and Talwin. Two hundred and fourty patients were evaluated. These patients were divided into 6 groups. There were fourty patients in each group. Group 1: Hydroxyzine 50mg. Group 2: Hydroxyzine 100mg. Group 3: Placebo. Group 4: Talwin 20mg. Group 5: Hydroxyzine 5pmg plus Talwie 20mg. Group 6: Hydroxyzine 100mg plus Talwin 20mg. The results were as follows; 1) Satisfactory sedation was ovtained in 75% with group I, in 92.5% with group 2, in 30% with group 3, in 40% with group 4, in 82. 5% With group 5, and in 97. 5% with group 6. Better results were obtained with hydroxyzine plus Talwin group than hydroxyzine anly. 2) The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in recovery room, 7. 5% wlth group 7. 5 % with group 3, 20% with group 4, 5%. with group 5. There was no case of nausea and vomiting in group 2 and group 6. We obtained a significant difference in antiemetic effect between Talwin only and the Talwin plus hydroxyzine group. 3) There was no adverse change on vital signs in all cases.


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