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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 28(5); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1995;28(5):634-639.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1995.28.5.634   
The Effects of N2O on the Changes in the Cuff Pressure of the Laryngeal Mask Airway during General Inhalation Anesthesia.
Sang Kyi Lee, Jae Duk Yang, Dong Chan Kim, He Sun Song
Department of Anesthesiology, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Chonju, Chonbuk, Korea.
The laryngeal mask airway(LMA) is an alternative to tracheal intubation, especially in out-patient surgery or securing emergency airway. Several studies show that N2O diffuses into the cuffs of endotracheal tubes and increases the cuff pressures. Because LMA also has an air-filling cuff, the cuff pressure of LMA may be increased during general anesthesia with N2O. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of LMA on the changes in the cuff pressure of the LMA during general inhalation anesthesia. In this study, we measured the cuff pressure of LMA after administration of 0%(group A), 50%6(group B), 60%(group C) or 66.7%o(group D) N2O with the air-inflated cuffs, and also measured the cuff pressure of LMA after administration of 66.7% N2O(group E) with the 66.7% N2O-inflated cuffs during general inhalation anesthesia. In group A, there was no significant cuff pressure change throughout the study period. In group B, C and D, the cuff pressures gradually increased as time elapsed and the more increased the concentration of N2O, the more increased the cuff pressures. In group E, the cuff pressure abruptly decreased until the first five minute, but recovered gradually and slightly increased than the baseline value for the rest of the measurement period. These findings demonstrate that N2O administration during general inhalation anesthesia significantly increases the cuff pressure of LMA in a concentration- and time-related fashion with the air-inflated cuffs but not with the N2O-inflated cuffs, and suggest that such increases may result in ischemia on cuff-related laryngeal area, and N2O-inflated cuffs may prevent increasing the cuff pressure of LMA.
Key Words: Cuff pressure; Laryngeal mask airway; N2O
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