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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 30(2); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1996;30(2):234-237.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1996.30.2.234   
Cauda Equina Syndrome following Epidural Anesthesia.
Sung Hee Park, Seon Eek Hwang, Yoon Kee Kim, Jong Hoon Yeom, Woo Jong Shin
1Department of Anesthesiology, St. Francisco Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
Neurologic complications associated with epidural anesthesia are rare. We describe a case of a cauda equina syndrome after continuous epidural anesthesia and analgesia for cesarean section. An epidural infusion of 0.15% bupivacaine was done at 2 mL/hr by two-day infusor. She developed lower extremities, buttocks and perineal sensory loss, bladder and bowel dysfunction after removal of epidural catheter. Improvement continued through the hospitalization with almost retum to normal bladder function before discharge about 1 month after the injury, but fecal incontinence and perineal sensory loss still remained. Although the mechanism causing such neural injuries are not fully known, it may be suspected that neurotoxicity is dose-dependent and related to the duration of drug exposure.
Key Words: Complications; cauda equina syndrome
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