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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1996;31(2):262-268.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1996.31.2.262   
Sequential Bronchoalveolar Lavage in a Patient with Pulmonary Alveolar proteinosis: A case report.
Yong Seok Oh, Sung Hee Han, Keon Woo Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Bronchopulmonary lavage using a double-lumen endotracheal tube is an accepted modality for treatment of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis which characterized by filling of alveolar space with periodic acid-schiff positive proteinaceous material. Massive bronchopulmonary lavage is not without hazard. Improper positioning and inadequate cuff inflation of the endotracheal tube may lead drowning. So correct placement of double-lumen endotracheal tube and confirming complete seperation of the two lungs is important to prevent drowning. And periods of tidal drainage are accompanied with reperfusion to the non-ventilated lung and cause potentially dangerous levels of hypoxemia. One must investigate maneuvers to minimize perfusion to non-ventilated lung and to maximize gas exchange during unilateral lung lavage. The distribution of pulmonary blood flow during unilateral lung lavage can be manipulated by nonocclusive inflation of an ipsilateral pulmonary artery balloon. We report a case of sequential bronchoalveolar lavage in a patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis performed safely with pulmonary arterial catherter insertion.
Key Words: Anesthetic techniques bronchopulmonary lavage; sequential lung lavage; Equipments double lumen endotracheal tube; Lung pulmonary alveolar proteinosis; Ventilation one lung ventilation


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