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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1993;26(3):452-458.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1993.26.3.452   
Clinical Evaluation of Sevoflurane Anesthesia.
Jeong Yeon Hong, Kyeong Tae Min, Mi Young Choi, Yang Sik Shin, Jong Rae Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
This study was aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of sevaflurane including an adjustability for anesthetic depth and an efficacy in 30 healthy patients who had no previous anesthetic complications or have not experienced general anesthesia within 1 month. After premedication with intramuscular administration of midazolam and glycopyrrolate, anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium and succinylcholine and endotracheal intubation was done for all the patients. Anesthesia was maintained with 0.5 to 2.0 vol% of sevoflurane according to changes of blood pressure in response to surgical stimuli in N2O(2 L/min)-O2(2 L/min) following 4-5 vo1% inhalation for initial 5 minutes. For the muscle relaxation, vecuronium or pancuronium bromide 0.08 mg/kg was injected initially with additional doses in needed. At the end of operation, administration of N2O and sevoflurane was discontinued. Pure oxygen with 5 L/min- flow rates was inhaled until full recovery. The emergence time interval from the discontinuation of sevoflurane to the response of verbal command was about 10 minutes. The systolic blood pressure during operation reduced by 10 mmHg from preinduction value (from 126 to 116 mmHg). And the heart rate just before incision inereased by 14 beats/min from the preinduction value (from 83 beats/min to 97 beats/min). Arterial blood gas study showed mild hyperventilation with PaCO2 of 30 torr during operation, but PaCO returned normocapneic state during spontaneous breathing after recovery from anesthesia. There was no evidence of respiratory depression during perianesthetic periods. Complete blood counts, biochemical studies, serum electrolytes, and urinalysis at the preanesthetic period, the 1st and 7th postoperative days revealed clinically nonisgnificant changes. However SGPT increased to 30 IU/L in the 7th postoperative day from the preoperative value of 13 IU/L. No arrhythmia did occur during anesthesia, and no complaint including headache, nausea and vomiting ect, was seen after recovery.
Key Words: Anesthetics; SevofIurane


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