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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 27(4); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1994;27(4):402-410.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1994.27.4.402   
A Statistical Analysis of 1053 Cases of Anesthesia for Emergency Operation.
Nam Joong Kim, Joung Uk Kim, Myoung Hoon Kong, Hae Ja Lim, Byung Kook Chae, Seong Ho Chang
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Emergency surgical patients are more frequently in critical state than elective patients and they have not enough time for physical and laboratory examinations. The evaluation of perio-perative data will improve the outcome of emergency operation. We analyzed 1053 anesthesias for emergency operation which were performed at the department of anesthesiology, Anam Hospital from September 1992 to August 1993 clinically and statistically according to age, sex, physical status, department, anesthetic duration, method and agent, types of trauma, amount of transfusion, etc. The results were as follows; 1) The percent of emergency surgery cases was 13.6 of total surgical patients. 2) The ratio of male to female was 1.15:1. 3) About 61.1% of all emergency patients were in the 21-40 years age group. 4) According to the ASA classification of physical status, the percent of patients in emergency class 1 and 2 was 86.2 of the total patients. 5) The most common operation was Cesarean section (19.9%), and appendectomy (13.8%) the next. 6) The most common anesthetic method for emergency operation was general anesthesia with enflurane. 7) The obstetric cases were most common and the general surgery cases were the next. 8) The percent of the cases which took less than 2 hours duration was 82.4 of total operation. 9) The transfusion was done in 108 cases (10.3%) and less than 2 units was transfused most frequently. 10) The transference to ICU was done in 144 (13.7%) cases and the patients of general surgery were transfered to ICU most frequently. 11) The majority of injuries were classified as blunt trauma (86.6%) while 13.4% were classified as penetrating trauma. 12) The lagest number of injuries involved the upper extremity (47.8%) and the next was the head & neck (31.9%).
Key Words: Emergency Operation; Anesthesia; Statistic Analysis
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