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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 21(1); 1988 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1988;21(1):198-204.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1988.21.1.198   
A Clinical Survey of Pediatric espiratory Intensive Care (1985)-The fifth report.
Byung Moon Ham, Young Kyun Chung
1Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, Eunyang Donghang Hospital, Korea.
A clinical survey was performed on 342 patients under the age of 15 years who were admitted to the respiratory intensive care unit(RICU) between January and December, 1985. The results were as follows 1) The total number of RICU patients in 1985 was 610, and 342(56.1%) were pediatric patients. 2) The ratio of male to female was 55%(188 cases) to 45%(154 cases). 3) The most prevalent age group was 1 to 5 years of age, 145 cases(42.4%). 4) Of the 342 patients, 308 were chest surgery patients(90.1%), 30 were pediatric surgery (8.8%), 2 were neurosurgery, one was a general surgery and one was a plastic surgery patient. 5) The mortality rate was 3.5%(12 cases) which was significantly decreased from the 1984 rate of 5.9% Neonates experienced the highest mortality rate(l0.5%), but this decreased with aging. 6) The mortality rate according to procedure was 2.6%(8 cases) in chest surgery, 10%(3 cases) in pediatric surgery, and 100%(1 case) in general surgery and increased as the length of ventilatory support time increased. 7) The duration of ventilatory support was 57.93 hrs in chest surgery, 68.86 hrs in pediatric surgery and 59.75 hrs on average. Ventilatory support of 12~24 hrs was required in 115 (33.6%) cases. 8) The types of ventilators used were Bourns(132 cases, 38.6%), Bennet MA-1 (47 cases, 13.7%), Roche (45 cases, 13.2%), Bear-Cub(40 cases, 11.7%), etc. 9) The two major causes of death were low cardiac output syndrome(5 cases) in chest surgery and sepsis (2 cases) in pediatric surgery.
Key Words: RICU; respiratory intensive care unit; Neonate; Ventilator; Bourns; Bennet MA-I; Roche; Bear-Cub; Low Cardiact Output Syndrome; Sepsis
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