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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1988;21(4):645-651.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1988.21.4.645   
Inhalation Induction of Halothane Using a Vital Capacity Breath .
Kyeong Tae Min, Soon Ho Nam, Yang Sik Shin, Jong Rae Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Inhalation induction of anesthesia is seldom used in a routine adult practice because of the long induction time and the prolonged excitement phase with the risk of laryngospasm and vomiting. So in modern practice, anesthesia is usually administered intravenously and produces unconsclousness pleasantly. However there are situaions where intravenous induction may not be ideal, and where rapid induction is still desired. The author wanted to evaluate the clinical application of inhalation induction of halothane using a vital capacity breath as a substitute for intravenous induction of anesthesia. The patients in this study had an ASA physical status of l or ll and presented no cardiopulmonary disease or abnormal laboratory data. The patients were divided into two group: a control group(n=30) and an experimental group(n=30). Control group: Intravenous induction with thiopental sodium. Experimental group: Inhalation induction with halothane using a vital capacity breath. The results are as follows: 1) The control group consisted of 14 males and 16 females. The mean age was 37.8+/-11.5years, and the ages ranged from 16 to 65 years. The mean body weight was 59.8+/-8.0kg, and body weights ranged from 44 to 75kg. in the experimental group, there were 17 males and 13 females. The mean age was 28.9+/-13.7 years, and the ages ranged from 18 to 65 years. The mean body weight was 57.4+/-8.1 kg, and body weight ranged from 43+/-75kg. 2) In the experimental group, the apnea time ranged from 20 to 105 sec, with a mean of 44.5+/-20.4 sec. The mean induction time was 76.7+/-32.1sec. and induction time ranged from 20 to 150 sec. There was no relationship between apnea time and induction time. 3) The hemodynamic changes were as follows: a. There were significantly greater changes in blood pressure and pulse rate during intubation and postintubation in the control group than in the experimental group(p<0.05). b. There were significant changes in blood pressure and pulse rate in the control group(p<0.05), but seemed not to be hazardous clinically. 4) Induction was impossible in two patients in the experimental group due to profuse secretion or excitement. 5) The side effects in the experimental group included coughs(5 cases), arrythmias(4), excitements(4) and secretion(1), respectively. 6) Postanesthetic comments in the experimental group:27 of the 28 patients remembered the anesthetic smells: 3 pleasantly, 20 moderately and 4 unpleasantly. In conclusion, inhalation induction of halothane using a vital capacity breath is a safe, acceptable and practical alternative to intravenous induction in cooperative adult patients.
Key Words: inhalation induction; halothane; vital capacity breath


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