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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 35(6); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1998;35(6):1124-1128.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1998.35.6.1124   
Development of Pressure Gradient between Radial and Femoral Artery due to Aortic Cannula Malposition in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery.
Eun Sook Yoo, Young Lan Kwak, Sang Beom Nam, Won Sun Park, Dong Woo Han, Sang Gun Han, Young Seok Lee, Seo Ouk Bang
1Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, Ajou University College of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Appropriate placement of aortic and venous cannulas is important to ensure effective systemic perfusion. The malposition of the aortic cannula may promote preferential flow down the aorta or induce flow to aortic arch vessels causing pressure gradient between mean radial arterial pressure (RAP) and femoral arterial pressure (FAP). In this study we compared mean radial to femoral artery pressure gradient before and immediately after aortic cannulation and during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
METHODS
Ninety two pediatric patients undergoing open heart surgery were examined. After induction of anesthesia RAP and FAP were measured. The pressure gradient was measured before and after aortic cannulation, 15, 30 and 60 minutes after aortic cross clamping (ACC). When the pressure gradient of more than 10 mmHg developed, the surgeon was recommended to manipulate position of the aortic cannula. If the pressure gradient returned to pre-CPB level after manipulation, the pressure gradient was considered to develop due to aortic cannula. The age, presence of cyanosis, adjustment of shape of aortic cannula tip before cannulation and side of radial artery cannulation as factors developing pressure gradient were examined.
RESULTS
Fifteen patients (16.3%) developed pressure gradient due to position of aortic cannula. Two patients (2.2%) developed immediately after aortic cannulation and fourteen patients (15.2%) during CPB. There was no statistically significant factor developing pressure gradient except non-cyanotic disease.
CONCLUSIONS
The pediatric patient could develop pressure gradient due to malposition of aortic cannula frequently during CPB. Therefore, the simultaneous monitoring of RAP and FAP may be beneficial for managing CPB in pediatric cardiac surgery.
Key Words: Anesthesia, cardiac, pediatric; Complication, aortic cannula malposition


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