Korean Journal of Anesthesiology

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Experimental Research Article
Korean J Anesthesiol. 2004;46(5):604-612.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2004.46.5.604
The Myocardial Protective Effects of Desflurane on Global Ischemia in Isolated Rat Heart via KATP Channel Activation.
Dong Kyu Lee, Mi Kyoung Lee, Sang Ho Lim
Korea University Medical Centor, Guro Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
In experimental models, several volatile anesthetics have been found to beneficially mimic ischemic preconditioning (IPC) during ischemia and reperfusion. These effects of IPC and volatile anesthetics are mediated by KATP channels, the authors examined following hypothesis: Desflurane administration before myocardial ischemia, has pharmacologic preconditioning effects on the myocardium (better functional recovory, and reduced infarct size), and these effects are mediated by KATP channel activation.
METHODS
Isolated Sprague-Dawley rat hearts (n = 40) were perfused at a constant pressure with oxygenated modified Kreb's solution. After a stabilization period, they were subdivided into four groups; group 1 to 4. Group 1 underwent 30 minutes of global ischemia and 60 minutes of reperfusion. Group 2 received an ischemic preconditioning period before global ischemia and reperfusion as group 1. In group 3, 6.8 vol% desflurane was added to the perfusion medium for 15 minutes and a 5 minutes wash-out period was introduced before global ischemia and reperfusion. In group 4, during the 6.8 vol% desflurane administration, glibenclamide was injected at a constant rate, before global ischemia and reperfusion. In each group, isovolumetric left ventricular pressure (LVP), heart rate and the maximun rate of change of the ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax) were measured using a thin, saline-filled latex balloon and a transducer. Coronary flow and the LDH level of effluent were measured at 5, 30, 60 minutes after reperfusion. All hearts were stained with triphenyl tetrazolium to determine infarct size.
RESULTS
Desflurane administration before global ischemia showed protective effects, like IPC, on functional recovery and infarct reduction. LVP was less depressed in group 3 and group 2. dP/dtmax in group 2 recovered after global ischemia to some degree, but remained slightly depressed in group 3. Decreased heart rate and coronary flow were observed in groups 2, 3 and 4. LDH showed a decreasing pattern in group 2 and 3. Infarct size was smaller in groups 2 and 3 than in groups 1 and 4. These benefical effects of desflurane were blocked by glibenclamide administration.
CONCLUSIONS
Desflurane was found to have beneficial effects, and mimicked IPC by preservaing LVP, reducing infarct size, and the degree of cardiac enzyme release. These beneficial effects were abolished by administering the KATP channel blocker, glibenclamide. The protecitve effects of desflurane administration against myocardial ischemia were mediated by KATP channels.

Keywords :isolated rat heart;ischemia;preconditioning;desflurane;infarct size;left ventricular function

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