Korean Journal of Anesthesiology

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Clinical Research Article
Korean J Anesthesiol. 2002;43(3):288-293.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2002.43.3.288
Reliability of rSO2 to Measure CO2 Reactivity of Cerebral Vasculatures during Desflurane-N2O Anesthesia.
Younsuk Lee, Taekmin Kwon, Jun Yong In, Sung Hoon Woo, Jun Heum Yon, Jung Won Kim, Won Ju Choe, Kye Min Kim, Ki Hyuk Hong
1Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Saggye Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Goyang, Kyunggido, Korea. ylee@medigate.net
2Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Goyang, Kyunggido, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to monitor regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) is a noninvasive and simple modal ity in clinical use. The ability of rSO2 as an index of cerebral oxygenation has been well demonstrated. However, the reliability of rSO2 to reflect the changes of cerebral vascular reactivity in the changes of arterial partial pressure of CO2 (PaCO2) has not been established. The aim of this study was to verify the reliability of rSO2 to measure the CO2 reactivity of cerebral vasculatures.
METHODS
Twenty healthy adult patients undergoing general anesthesia were enrolled in this study. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with desflurane/N2O. Respiration was mechanically controlled. The radial artery and jugular bulb were cannulated. The sensor of the NIRS was attached to the ipsilateral forehead. During normocapnia (PaCO2 40 +/- 1.3 mmHg) and hypocapnia (PaCO2 30 +/- 2.4 mmHg), blood was obtained from the radial artery and jugular bulb and analyzed. rSO2 was compared with fSO2 (estimated field oxygen satuation), and the gold standard of tissue oxygen saturation. fSO2 was calculated from the following equation: fSO2 = 0.75 SjO2 + 0.25 SaO2.
RESULTS
rSO2 significantly correlated with fSO2 (P = 0.000, r2 = 0.56). A bias of - 5.8% with a precision 12.94% was found.
CONCLUSIONS
We concluded that rSO2 can be a reliable predictor to measure CO2 reactivity of cerebral vasculatures during normocapnia and hypocapnia.

Keywords :Cerebral blood flow;cerebral oximeter;carbon dioxide reactivity;jugular bulb oxygen saturation

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