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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 12(3); 1979 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1979;12(3):230-237.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1979.12.3.230   
A Clinical Analysis of Anesthesia for the Repair of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palato .
Mi Ran Choi, No Sik Kim, Yong Jo Kim, Dong Ki Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
We experienced 450 cases of anesthesia for the operation of cleft lip and cleft palate. The observed results were as follows. 1) Anesthetics for the operation of cleft lip were 200 cases(44.4%), cleft palate were 248 cases(55.1%), naso-ocular fistula correction and oro-ocular correction was 1 case each. 2) Sex distribution was 298 males(66.2%) and 152 females(33.8%). 3) 292 cases(66%) were under 20kg of body weight. 4) The techniques of anesthesia were NRB with Jackson-Rees' modification in 297 cases (66%) and the semiclosed circle absorption system in 153 eases(34%). 5) The main anesthetics were halothane in 431 cases(95.8%) and Valium-Dmerol in 19 cases (0. 42%) 6) The mean blood loss in palatoplasty was 6.4 ml per kg of body weight but it was 10. 7 ml per kg in the 5~10 kg of body weight group, 9. 6 ml per kg in the 10-20 kg of body weight group, and 8. 5 ml per kg in the 20~30 kg of body weight group. 66 cases (14.7%) received blood transfusion. 7) Familial incidence was found in 4.7% (21 cases). 8) Incidence of cleft lip combined with cleft palate was 42.7%(192 cases among 450 cases), and 154 cases(51.7%) were males and 88 cases(25%) were females. 9) The most common type of cleft lip was incomplete left cleft lip(30%), and of cleft palate was complete median cleft palate(52%). 10) lntraoperative anesthetic complication occurred in 8 cases(1.8%).
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