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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 55(1); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2008;55(1):72-77.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2008.55.1.72   
The individual and combined neuroprotective effects of propofol and ketamine on rat mixed cortical cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion injury.
Sung Yong Park, Myoung Sin Seo, Hie Young Kim, Mie Hyun Park, Jeong Woong Choi, Sook Young Lee
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea. anesylee@ajou.ac.kr
2Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Propofol and ketamine are have been known to have neuroprotective effects. However, the effect of combined therapy with these 2 drugs is not well known with in vitro model. This study was conducted to determine whether combined administration of propofol and ketamine could have additive effects in protecting cortical neurons from the oxygen-glucose deprivation (ischemia) - reoxygenation (reperfusion) injury.
METHODS
Thirteen-day-old primary mixed cortical cultures were exposed to a 5-min combined oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD, in vitro ischemia model), followed by 2 hr of reperfusion. Propofol (1, 10, 25, 50, 100micrometer) and ketamine (1, 2.5, 5, 10, 50micrometer) were added as alone or combination from the initiation of the OGD injury to the end of the reperfusion periods. The survived cells were counted using trypan-blue staining. The data were converted to the cell death rate. Statistical analysis was done by oneway-ANOVA tests and Bonferroni's test. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
RESULTS
OGD-reperfusion demonstrated about a 70% cell death rate. 5-50micrometer of ketamine decreased the cell death rate compared with the no drug treated group (P < 0.05). 10-100micrometer of propofol decreased the cell death rate compared with the no drug treated group (P < 0.05). Combined administration of ketamine 2.5micrometer + propofol 50, 100micrometer, ketamine 10micrometer + propofol 100micrometer and propofol 1, 10micrometer + ketamine 5, 10micrometer decreased cell death rate compared with the same dosage of propofol or ketamine alone treated group (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
Propofol or ketamine demonstrated neuroprotective effects. And, combined administration ofpropofol and ketamine demonstrated additive neuroprotective effects against OGD-reperfusion injury.
Key Words: ischemia-reperfusion injury; ketamine; propofol
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