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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 56(4); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;56(4):433-437.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.56.4.433   
Cerebral oxygen saturation monitoring for off-pump coronary bypass graft surgery with Moyamoya disease: A case report.
Seong Hyop Kim, Tae Yop Kim, Hyun Ha Lee, Tae Gyoon Yoon
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea. pondkim@unitel.co.kr
2National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
We report a case using cerebral oxygen saturation (rCbO2) for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery in a patient with co-existing Moyamoya disease. The rCbO2 with the routine monitoring for OPCAB surgery were monitored intraoperatively. In spite of infusing nimodipine (0.2 microgram/kg/min) and maintaining the end-tidal CO2 tension at 35-40 mmHg, a sudden reduction in the right-side rCbO2 from the base line value of 70-80%/78-83% (Left/Right) to 70-72%/65-70% was developed during the harvesting of the vascular graft. We increased the rate of phenylephrine infusion to increase systemic and cerebral perfusion pressure, and both rCbO2 values were elevated to 80%/70% within 3 minutes. However, the preferential reduction in the right-side rCbO2 compared with the left-side value was not corrected. While suspecting cerebral ischemia due to cerebral vascular spasm, we administered nimodipine 2 mg bolus and increased infusion rate to 0.5 microgram/kg/min. Finally, the preferential rCbO2 reduction in the right-side was corrected and both rCbO2 reached 84%/91%. We concluded rCbO2 monitoring is useful for detecting an intraoperative episode of cerebral ischemia and maintaining the optimal cerebral perfusion during OPCAB surgery with Moyamoya disease.
Key Words: Cerebral oxygen saturation; Moyamoya disease; Nimodipine
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