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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 57(1); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;57(1):38-43.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.57.1.38   
The effect of airway obstruction on systolic arterial and central venous pressure during sedation in patients undergoing total knee replacement.
Kwan Sik Park, Dae hee Kim, Bong Ki Moon, Yong duck Park, Yun Jeong Chae
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea. yjchae06@hotmail.com
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul Veterans Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Severe respiratory variations of systolic arterial and central venous pressure (CVP) may increase the risk of embolic event in orthopedic patient. As airway obstruction during sedation can cause this respiratory variation, we evaluated the degree of variations of systolic blood (SBP) and CVP during airway obstruction period.
Fifteen females who had obstructed airway during total knee replacement (TKR) were included for the study. After regional anesthesia were established, SBP and CVP variations were analyzed according to the three periods; baseline, obstruction, and airway, respectively. Calculated CVP variables were similar to SBP variables as below: DeltaSBP = Expmax (maximal value at expiration) - Inspnadir (minimal value at inspiration), %DeltaSBP = (DeltaSBP/ Exp(max)) x 100. The frequencies of pulsus paradoxus (PP) and negative inspiratory CVP (NIC) were also measured.
At obstruction period, DeltaSBP was 21.7 mmHg and 93.3% of patient had PP. Also, DeltaCVP was 19.3 mmHg and 100% of patient showed NIC. %DeltaCVP (140%) was larger than %DeltaSBP (16%). And DeltaCVP was inversely correlated with baseline and obstruction SBP and %DeltaCVP was also inversely correlated with baseline CVP at obstruction period. CONCLUSIONS: During airway obstruction in sedated TKR patients, variations of CVP are larger than those of SBP. So we have to monitor CVP continuously as well as SBP so as not to increase the possible risk of respiratory of variation.
Key Words: Airway obstruction; Regional anesthesia; Sedation; Total knee replacement


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