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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 57(6); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2009;57(6):729-736.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2009.57.6.729   
The effect of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel blocker on ischemic preconditioning in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury model of neonatal rat.
Young Soo Park, Ji Yeon Bang, Bo Young Hwang, Hae Young Ryu, Sung Moon Jeong, Pyung Hwan Park
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. anesjsm@amc.seoul.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
A brief episode of cerebral ischemia confers transient ischemic tolerance to a subsequent ischemic challenge that is otherwise lethal to them. This study was purposed to evaluate the effect of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel blocker on ischemic preconditioning in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury model of neonatal rat. METHODS: Seven-day old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were used. The rats were divided into five groups; control group (n = 91), pretreatment hypoxic preconditioning group (n = 43), pretreatment ischemic preconditioning group (n = 52), hypoxic preconditioning group (n = 39), and ischemic preconditioning group (n = 51). Rats in the pretreatment hypoxic preconditioning group and pretreatment ischemic preconditioning group were treated by an intraperitoneal injection with 5-hydroxydecanoate (60 mg/kg). Thirty minutes after injection, right common carotid artery was temporarily occluded for ten minutes in pretreatment ischemic preconditioning group. Rats in the pretreatment hypoxic preconditioning group and hypoxic preconditioning group underwent hypoxia (8% oxygen/92% nitrogen) for four hours. Twenty-four hours after the preconditioning, rats from all groups were exposed to right common carotid artery ligation followed by 2.5 hour hypoxia. On the 1st day after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) reaction was evaluate as apoptotic markers and triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) was done to measure necrotic tissue. All rats were sacrificed 2 weeks after hypoxic-ischemia brain injury and the brains were examined for morphologic study. RESULTS: There were no differenced in survival rate, infarct area, number of TUNEL positive cells and morphologic score either between hypoxic preconditioning group and pretreatment hypoxic preconditioning group or between ischemic preconditioning group and pretreatment ischemic preconditioning group.
CONCLUSIONS
The results suggests that mitochondrial K(ATP) channel blocker, 5-hydroxydecanoate, does not change hypoxic-ischemic preconditioning in the neonatal rat.
Key Words: Hypoxia-ischemia; Ischemic preconditioning; Mitochondrial K(ATP) channe
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