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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2006;51(6):695-700.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2006.51.6.695   
The Hemodynamic Effects of a Tourniquet Application during Knee Surgery in Elderly Patients with Hypertension.
Kyo Sang Kim, Houng Ki Min, Hong Jun Youn, Mi Ae Cheong, Jong Hun Jun
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. Kimks@hanyang.ac.kr
The hemodynamic and metabolic effects of tourniquet application undergoing knee surgery with general anesthesia in elderly patients with hypertension have been rarely reported. We evaluated the hemodynamic and metabolic effects in elderly patients compared with young adults.
Thirty elderly patients (elderly hypertension group, 71.8 +/- 3.9 years) with chronic hypertension undergoing total knee replacement and 30 young adults (normal group, 33.1 +/- 5.1 years) undergoing knee surgery were studied. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate, cardiac index (CI) by esophageal doppler method, and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) were measured before, during, and after tourniquet application. pH, PaO2, PaCO2, Hb and lactate blood concentrations were also measured.
MAP increased 25% and 16% in elderly hypertension and normal groups during inflation, respectively (P < 0.05) and returned to basal values after deflation. CI increased to 30% higher than basal values in both groups after deflation (P < 0.05). SVRI decreased 31% and 19% in elderly hypertension and normal groups after deflation, respectively (P < 0.05). After deflation, PaCO2 and lactate increased (P < 0.05).
Elderly patients with hypertension have the significant hemodynamic changes during and after tourniquet application than before, however, there are no differences compared to normal group. These elderly patients should be needed the active hemodynamic monitoring due to the lower compensatory ability.
Key Words: elderly; hemodynamic; hypertension; non-invasive cardiac output; tourniquet


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