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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2007;52(6):687-693.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2007.52.6.687   
Effects of Long-term Intermittent Oxygen Administration on the Cognitive Function in Rats.
Seung Lyong Koo, Chul Hyun Kim, Hae Chul Ahn, Dong Won Kim, Kyoung Hun Kim, Chan Kim
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. ckim@eulji.ac.kr
Several studies have demonstrated that the transient administration of oxygen improves cognitive performance. However, the effect of long-term oxygen administration remains unknown. This study investigated the impact of long-term oxygen administration on cognitive enhancement. METHODS: Six week old Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 46) were randomly allocated to one of three groups: the control (Control; n = 15), 30 min/day oxygen administration (Oxy30min; n = 16) and 60 min/day oxygen administration groups (Oxy60min; n = 15). The rats in all three groups were administered air or oxygen for 10 weeks. The Morris water maze test was employed to assess the latency (L & Lt), dwelling time (DT) and the total fraction above the mean dwelling time (FmDT) for cognitive performance. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the Oxy30min and Oxy60min groups showed no differences in their L and Lt. There was a dose-response trend due to oxygen administration. Compared to the control group, the Oxy60min group had a significantly improved DT (P< 0.05). The FmDT also significantly increased in both of the oxygen administration groups, which also showed a dose-response trend (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that long-term (10 weeks) oxygen administration can dose-dependently enhance cognitive performance.
Key Words: cognitive function; long-term oxygen administration; water maze


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