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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 49(4); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2005;49(4):496-501.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2005.49.4.496   
The Effect of Intrathecal Fentanyl on Hypnotic Requirement of Propofol during Spinal Anesthesia.
Kyeong Yeol Lee, Kyung Hwa Kwak, Si Oh Kim
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. kwakkh@hotmail.com
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Intrathecal opioid, a useful adjunct to prolong analgesic effects, potentiates spinal anesthesia. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of intrathecal fentanyl on the hypnotic requirements of propofol during spinal anesthesia.
METHODS
Sixty patients scheduled for elective urologic surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of four groups. In Group 1 (n =15), spinal anesthesia was performed with hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg, in Group 2 (n = 15) with hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg plus fentanyl 10microgram, in Group 3 (n = 15) with hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg plus fentanyl 20microgram, and in Group 4 (n = 15) with hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg plus fentanyl 30microgram. After performing spinal anesthesia, the target plasma concentration of propofol was set at 2.0microgram/ml. Effect site concentration (Ce) was measured when the BIS's reached 80 or 70. Ce was titrated to maintain a BIS of 70-80. Observer's sedation scoring (OAA/S), systolic and diastolic pressures, SpO2 and total infusion dose were measured every 10 minutes for 1 hour.
RESULTS
Ce's at a BIS of 80 were 1.2+/-0.3microgram/ml (Group 1), 1.0+/-0.3microgram/ml (Group 2), 0.9+/-0.2microgram/ml (Group 3), and 0.8+/-0.2microgram/ml (Group 4), respectively. Ce's at a BIS of 70 were 1.6+/-0.2microgram/ml (Group 1), 1.5+/-0.4microgram/ml (Group 2), 1.2+/-0.3microgram/ml (Group 3), and 1.2+/-0.3microgram/ml (Group 4), respectively. Ce's of Group 3 and Group 4 at BISs of 70 and 80 were significantly lower than those of Group 1 (P<0.05), and the propofol requirements of Groups 3 and 4 to maintain a BIS of 70-80 were significantly less than those of Group 1 (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
These results indicate that adding more than 20microgram of fentanyl to hyperbaric bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia reduces the hypnotic requirement of propofol.
Key Words: intrathecal fentanyl; propofol; sedation
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