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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 49(5); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2005;49(5):724-729.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2005.49.5.724   
Anesthetic Management during an Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment (EXIT) Procedure of the Agnathic Fetus : A case report.
Jong Taek Park, Hye Sook Chang, So Yeun Kwon, Dae Ja Um, Sung Jin Choi
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. umdj@wonju.yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Obstetric Surgery, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
Abstract
We report our experience of the anesthetic management of an ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure that was performed on a fetus with a mandible anomaly (agnathia) for airway management. The EXIT procedure is a method for maintaining the feto-placental circulation during a cesarean section using deep inhalation anesthesia. In the EXIT procedure, the anesthetic goal is the profound relaxation of the uterus to maintain the feto-placental circulation. High dose inhalation agents are used maintain the level of uterine relaxation. Anesthesia was induced with rapid sequence intubation and maintained with 2 vol% isoflurane and nitrous in oxygen (50:50) combined with intermittent boluses of fentanyl and atracurium. The fetus was not given any drugs other than those as a result of placental transfer and was monitored with pulse oximeter. The mother and fetus were maintained hemodynamically stable with a preserved feto-placental circulation. After delivery, the uterine tone improved soon after discontinuing the isoflurane, and the pitocin infusion was begun. There were no signs of uterine atony in the postoperative period.
Key Words: agnathia; airway management; anesthetic management; EXIT procedure
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