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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 50(4); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2006;50(4):444-448.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2006.50.4.444   
The Effect of Intraoperative and Postoperative Music on Patients of Regional Anesthesia.
Man Jo Kim, Dong Jun Lee, Mi Ae Han, Kyoung Ho Ha, Moon Chul Kim, Kang Hee Joh
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea. daidong@hanmail.net
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Music influences the body and mental well-being of humans. Almost all patients undergoing surgery experience perioperative anxiety. This study was designed to determine the effect of music during surgery and the post-operation period under regional anesthesia on the level of anxiety, relaxation and fatigue.
METHODS
Sixty-four patients who underwent orthopedic surgery under regional anesthesia were randomly assigned to Group 1 (listening to music) and Group 2 (no music). The premedication and anesthesia were standardized for both groups. The level of anxiety, fatigue and psychological well-being were examined as outcome variables.
RESULTS
The level of anxiety and psychological well-being was significantly lower (anxiety: P = 0.012, psychological well-being: P = 0.006) in Group 1 than in Group 2. The level of fatigue was similar in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS
The results suggested that music might be effective in reducing the level of intra and post-operative anxiety and improving the psychological well-being of patients undergoing surgery under regional anesthesia.
Key Words: anxiety; music; psychologic well-being
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