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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2003;45(4):462-468.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2003.45.4.462   
A Ratio of Arterial Oxygen Tension to Inspired Oxygen Fraction (PaO2/FiO2 ratio) after Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Amrinone-Dopamine versus Isosorbide Dinitrate-Dopamine.
Tae Yop Kim, Byung Won Lim, Tae Sik Park, Seong Ho Lee, In Kyu Kim, Myoung Keun Shin
Department of Anesthesiology, Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Masan, Korea. pondkim@unitel.co.kr/taeyop@samsung.co.kr
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may produce lung injury with decreased PaO2/FiO2 ratio in patients undergoing CABG surgery. We examined PaO2/FiO2 ratio and incidence of PaO2/FiO2 < 300 or 150 to determine the differences in oxygenation with the use of amrinone-dopamine (DP) or isosorbide dinitrate (IDN)-DP in patients undergoing CABG.
Twenty patients undergoing elective CABG were divided into two groups according to drug used on separation from CPB: IDN-DP (Group 1, n = 10) or amrinone-DP (Group 2, n = 10). Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, fentanyl and vecuronium. IDN infusion (1.0microgram/kg/min) was started preoperatively in both groups. Mild hypothermic CPB was applied with a roller pump and nonpulsatile flow maintained a mean arterial pressure of 60-80 mmHg. In Group 2, amrinone was administered (0.75 mg/kg + 10microgram/kg/min) instead of IDN at the time of CPB separation. DP infusion (3microgram/kg/min) was started at a rectal temperature more than 35.5oC and adjusted to maintain acceptable hemodynamics. IDN-DP or amrinone-DP infusion, monitoring and sedation with propofol were continued in the intensive care unit (ICU). PaO2/FiO2 ratio under controlled ventilation with air/O2 mixture (FiO2 0.6) was checked immediately before CPB (pre-CPB), 30 mins (post-CPB30), 60 mins after CPB (post-CPB60) and 30 mins after admission to ICU (ICU30).
There was no significant difference between the groups in the terms of the duration of arotic cross clamp, PaO2/FiO2 at pre-CPB, PaO2/FiO2 at post-CPB60, PaO2/FiO2 at ICU30 or in the incidence of PaO2/FiO2 < 150, PaO2/FiO2 < 300 at ICU30. But there was a significant difference in PaO2/FiO2 post CPB30 (263.3 +/- 105.5 in Group 1 vs. 381.7 +/- 69.5 in Group 2, P<0.05).
Amrinone-DP provides more favorable oxygenation immediately after CPB in CABG surgery than IDN-DP.
Key Words: amrinone; coronary artery bypass graft; isosorbide dinitrate; oxygenation


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